cover fact sheet

Kenya National Policing Budgets Factsheet

In summary,

  1. The total allocation for the Ministry of Interior and Citizen Services increased from Ksh 126Bn to Ksh 134 Bn between 2016/17 to 2020/21, representing an annual increment of 1.2%.
  2. The 2020/21 total budget for the Ministry, following the COVID-19 emergency, reduced by Ksh 5Bn compared to the previous year.
  3. The recurrent budget is the main driver in the overall budget having increased from Ksh 103Bn to Ksh 128Bn over the 5-year period, representing an annual increment of 4.9%.
  4. On the other hand, the development budget has been on a decline, reducing from Ksh 23 Bn to Ksh 6 Bn over the period, representing an annual decrement of 56.7%. Some of the reasons leading to the decline is the reprioritization of recurrent spending over development spending as evidenced in the increase in the proportion of recurrent from 82% to 95% over the period.
  5. The implications of this include cutting back of development programmes. For instance, while in 2019 the target of the number of newly gazetted Kenya police stations to be constructed in the financial 2020/21 was 8, it was revised downwards to 31. In addition, whereas in 2019 the target of the number of GSU officer’s accommodation facilities that were to be refurbished in the financial 2020/21 was 270, it was revised downwards to 1002.
  6. Proportionately, development as a share of the total budget declined from 18% in 2016/17 to 5% in 2020/21 implying a general decline in development allocationBefore the pandemic, in 2019/20, the share of the development budget to the total budget accounted for 7.1% (10 Billion/139 Billion)
  7. As a ratio of the total allocation to the Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs), the total budget for the Ministry of Interior and Citizen Services averages 7.5% implying that it is in the category of the most highly funded ministries. Others include the Ministry of Education (28.6%), Defence (6.6%), Infrastructure (10.7%) and Health (6.5%).
  8. The recurrent budget for the ministry as a share of the recurrent budget for all MDAs declined from 12% to 11% between 2016/17 and 2020/21. Similarly, the development budget declined from 2.8% to 1.1%.
  9. It can be concluded that the development budget for the Ministry is not only declining in terms of total amount allocated annually, but also as a ratio of total development budget for the MDAs. The likely implications of this is inadequate service delivery in terms of the main policing functions and failure to meet critical programme targets due to the declining budgets.

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